Technology Update

New Way to Fight Off a Side-Channel Attack

Security of embedded devices is essential in today’s Internet-connected world. Security is typically guaranteed mathematically using a small secret key to encrypt the private messages. When these computationally secure encryption algorithms are impleme …

New Way to Simulate Nuclear Power Plants

Using the latest advances in numerical methods, physical modeling and software engineering it is now possible to simulate entire nuclear power plants. A new tool called the System Analysis Module (SAM) Reactor Analysis Code can analyze the safety of ad …

Sensor Enhances Sense of Touch

People rely on a highly tuned sense of touch to manipulate objects, but injuries to the skin and the simple act of wearing gloves can impair this ability. Along those lines, surgeons, for example, find gloves decrease their ability to manipulate soft t …

Forensic Methods Tested for Mobile Phones

Mobile phones often end up destroyed in the attempt to destroy evidence, but, in reality, after trying to smash, shoot, submerge or cook their phones, forensics experts often attempt to retrieve the evidence. Now, there is a way to tell how well these …

Self-Learning Heating Control System

Factory halls, airport terminals and high-rise office buildings are often equipped with automated “anticipatory” heating systems. These systems work with pre-defined scenarios specially calculated for the building and help save building owners a great …

Aviation, Offshore Drilling Team for Better Safety

“Better safe than sorry” is often overused, but in the world of aviation and oil-and-gas exploration, as much as anywhere, that motto be the difference between life and death. That may sound overly dramatic, but the reality is both industries are incre …

Securing Mobile Radioactive Materials

Radioactive materials are a critical tool in a number of industrial applications particularly oil and gas drilling and welding. While these sources are safe and well-regulated for their intended use; if lost or stolen the materials could be used by ter …

Wearable Gas Sensor Enhances Sensitivity

A highly sensitive wearable gas sensor for environmental and human health monitoring may soon become available in areas like the manufacturing space. The sensor platform is an improvement on existing wearable sensors because it uses a self-heating mech …

Putting Nuclear Waste to Good Use

What was once considered a dangerous byproduct of nuclear power, may now have a new use that could transform an unused stockpile into a versatile compound of commodity chemicals as well as new energy sources. Depleted uranium (DU) is a radioactive bypr …

Saving Water from Power Plant Cooling

Electricity production is one of the industries that uses the most water in the country each day, but that may soon change. That is because researchers at Sandia National Laboratories are helping the largest power plant in the United States identify th …

Safer, Smarter Improvement to PA Foundries

Small-to-medium-sized foundries across Pennsylvania are learning to transition away from using harmful silica sands in the metal casting process and also reducing costs through 3D printing. The project is being supported by two grants totaling $140,000 …

‘Uncrackable’ Security System

Just-created optical chips enables information to be sent from user to user using a one-time un-hackable communication that achieves “perfect secrecy” will allow confidential data to be protected more securely than ever before on public classical commu …

Boosting Security of Chemical Process Control Systems

A process is now in development to enhance cybersecurity of chemical process control systems. Smart manufacturing processes are becoming more automated with the help of algorithms that aim to boost profits, reduce resource use and decrease human error. …

Scrubbing Carbon Dioxide from Smokestacks

There is now a better way to scrub carbon dioxide from smokestack emissions, which could be a key to mitigating global climate change, a researcher said. Atmospheric CO2 has increased 40 percent since the dawn of the industrial age, contributing heavil …

Smart Car Security Needs ‘Active Guardian Process’

Smart cars have opened the door to limitless possibilities for technology and innovation, but as it is with everything connected these days, the potential of threats reaches beyond the car itself. In a move to apply criminal justice theory to smart veh …

Encryption Key Cracking Record Set

An international team of computer scientists set a record for two of the most important computational problems that are the basis for nearly all of the public-key cryptography that is currently used in the real world. Public-key cryptography is used in …

Fire Footage Helps Power Plant Safety

High energy arcing faults are high-power electrical discharges between two or more conductors that can release tens of thousands of amps of current. They can result in explosions that reach about 35,000 degrees Celsius — about the temperature of lightn …

Securing Drones, Robotic Cars Against Attacks

Robotic vehicles like delivery drones or Mars rovers can be hacked more easily than people may think, new research has found. Three types of stealth attacks on robotic vehicles caused machines to crash, miss their targets or complete their missions muc …

Black Silicon Sensor can Uncover Explosives

An ultrasensitive detector based on black silicon could be able to detect trace amounts of nitroaromatic compounds to identify the majority of explosives or highly toxic pollutants. This sensor is based on black silicon fabricated by high-performing re …

Big Data Makes Pipelines Safer

Oil and gas pipelines have become polarizing issues. The reason being is when they work, it is great, but when something goes wrong, like a spill or an explosion, it goes really wrong. Because they are not going away, in the end, everyone will agree th …

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