The Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) reached stage three with the launch of a secure, online Chemical Security Assessment Tool (CSAT) Site Security Plan tool.

Only facilities that submitted Security Vulnerability Assessments and subsequently notified in writing by the Department of Homeland Security they are at a high risk have access via CSAT to complete and submit the site security plan.

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DHS issued Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards, originally published in April 2007, for any facility that manufactures, uses, stores, or distributes certain chemicals at or above a specified quantity.

Unless otherwise notified by the department, high-risk facilities have 120 days from the time they receive written notification to complete and submit a site security plan or a department-approved alternative security program.

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CFATS is legislation that serves as a set of government security regulations for high-risk chemical facilities such as chemical plants, electrical generating facilities, refineries, and universities.

CFATS is 6 CFR (Code of Federal Regulations), Part 27. The U.S. Department of Homeland Security promulgated the Final Rule on April 9, 2007. The regulations came into effect on June 8, 2007, apart from material covered in Appendix A, which took effect on November 20, 2007.

Congress directed the Department of Homeland Security to identify and secure those chemical facilities that present the greatest security risk. DHS sees “security risk” as a function of the following:
• The consequence of a successful attack on a facility (consequence)
• The likelihood that an attack on a facility will be successful (vulnerability)
• The intent and capability of an adversary in respect to attacking a facility (threat)

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