A former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) case officer pleaded guilty Wednesday to conspiring to communicate, deliver and transmit national defense information to the People’s Republic of China.
Jerry Chun Shing Lee, 54, left the CIA in 2007 and began residing in Hong Kong. In April 2010, two Chinese intelligence officers (IOs) approached Lee and offered to pay him for national defense information he had acquired as a CIA case officer, according to court documents. The IOs also told Lee they had prepared for him a gift of $100,000 cash, and they offered to take care of him “for life” in exchange for his cooperation.
Beginning sometime in May 2010 and continuing into at least 2011, Lee received requests for information from the Chinese IOs, according to court documents. The majority of the requests asked Lee to reveal sensitive information about the CIA, including national defense information.
On May 14, 2010, Lee made or caused to be made a cash deposit of $138,000 HKD (approximately $17,468 in USD) into his personal bank account in Hong Kong. This would be the first of hundreds of thousands of dollars (USD equivalent) in cash deposits Lee made or caused to be made into his personal HSBC account from May 2010 through December 2013.
“This is the third case in less than a year in which a former US intelligence officer has pled or been found guilty of conspiring with Chinese intelligence services to pass them national defense information,” said Assistant Attorney General for National Security John C. Demers. “Every one of these cases is a tragic betrayal of country and colleagues. The National Security Division will continue to prosecute individuals like Lee who abuse their former access to classified information for financial gain while threatening the security of America.”
“Those Americans entrusted with our government’s most closely held secrets have a tremendous responsibility to safeguard that information,” said U.S. Attorney G. Zachary Terwilliger for the Eastern District of Virginia. “Instead of embracing that responsibility and honoring his commitment to not disclose national defense information, Lee sold out his country, conspired to become a spy for a foreign government, and then repeatedly lied to investigators about his conduct.”
Creating a Document
On May 26, 2010, Lee created on his laptop computer a document that described, among other things, certain locations to which the CIA would assign officers with certain identified experience, as well as the particular location and timeframe of a sensitive CIA operation. After Lee created this document, he transferred it from his laptop to a thumb drive. The document included national defense information of the United States that was classified at the Secret level.
In August 2012, the FBI conducted a court-authorized search of a hotel room in Honolulu, Hawaii registered in Lee’s name, according to court documents. The search revealed Lee possessed the thumb drive within his personal luggage. The FBI forensically imaged the thumb drive and later located the document in the unallocated space of the thumb drive, meaning it had been deleted. The search also revealed Lee possessed a day planner and an address book that contained handwritten notes made by Lee that related to his work as a CIA case officer prior to 2004. These notes included, among other things, intelligence provided by CIA assets, true names of assets, operational meeting locations and phone numbers, and information about covert facilities.
During 2012, Lee had a series of interviews with the CIA. Throughout these interviews, in response to questions about what the IOs had wanted from him, Lee intentionally failed to disclose that he had received requests from them. In May 2013, the FBI conducted three interviews with Lee. During one of those interviews, Lee admitted he had received requests but said he had not kept the written requests because they would tend to incriminate him.
The FBI interviewers also confronted Lee with the sensitive document discovered on the thumb drive, according to court documents. Lee denied that he possessed it, claimed not to know who created it, and denied knowing why it would have been on his computer. He also denied deleting the document. Approximately one week later, in another FBI interview, Lee admitted he created the document in response to two requests from the IOs and transferred it to a thumb drive. He also said he thought about giving it to the IOs but never did.
In a January 2018 interview with the FBI, Lee denied he ever kept any work-related notes at home, according to court documents. When shown a photocopy of the front covers of the day planner and address book described above, as well as a copy of his handwriting therein, Lee denied he possessed the notebooks while transiting through Hawaii in August 2012. Lee also falsely denied either of the books contained notes from asset meetings but conceded that any such notes would be classified. Further, Lee denied he ever put the sensitive document on a thumb drive, notwithstanding the fact he had admitted having done so when interviewed by FBI agents in May 2013. Lee also told the interviewing agents in drafting this document he was writing down things “more [like] a diary thing,” notwithstanding the fact that in May 2013 he had told FBI agents that he had created the document in response to two requests from the Chinese IOs.
Lee pleaded guilty to conspiracy to deliver national defense information to aid a foreign government and faces a maximum penalty of life in prison when sentenced on Aug. 23.