A former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) case officer is guilty of espionage related to his transmission of classified documents to an agent of the People’s Republic of China.

In March and April last year, Kevin Patrick Mallory, 61, of Leesburg, VA, travelled to Shanghai and met with Michael Yang, whom he quickly concluded was working for the People’s Republic of China Intelligence Service (PRCIS), according to court records and evidence presented at trial, which concluded last week.

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During a voluntary interview with FBI agents on May 24, 2007, Mallory said Yang represented himself as working for a People’s Republic of China think tank, however Mallory said he assessed Yang to be a Chinese Intelligence Officer.

“There are few crimes in this country more serious than espionage,” said G. Zachary Terwilliger, U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia. “This office has a long history of holding those accountable who betray their country and try and profit off of classified information. This case should send a message to anyone considering violating the public’s trust and compromising our national security by disclosing classified information. We will remain steadfast and dogged in pursuit of these challenging but critical national security cases.”

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Mallory, a United States citizen who speaks fluent Mandarin Chinese, told FBI agents he travelled to Shanghai in March and April to meet with Yang and Yang’s boss. After Mallory consented to a review of a covert communications (covcom) device he had been given by Yang in order to communicate covertly with Yang, FBI agents viewed a message from Mallory to Yang in which Mallory said he could come in the middle of June and he could bring the remainder of the documents with him at that time.

Analysis of the device, which was a Samsung Galaxy smartphone, also revealed a handwritten index describing eight different documents later determined to be classified. Four of the eight documents listed in the index were found stored on the device, with three being confirmed as containing classified information pertaining to the same U.S. government agency. One of those documents was classified TOP SECRET, while the remaining two documents were classified SECRET. FBI analysts were able to determine Mallory had completed all of the steps necessary to securely transmit at least four documents via the covcom device, one of which contained unique identifiers for human sources who had helped the United States government.

“It is a sad day when an American citizen is convicted of spying on behalf of a foreign power,” said Assistant Attorney General Demers. “This act of espionage was no isolated incident. Today’s conviction demonstrates that we remain vigilant against this threat and hold accountable all those who put the United States at risk through espionage.”

Evidence presented at trial included surveillance video from a FedEx store in Leesburg where Mallory could be seen scanning the eight classified documents and a handwritten table of contents onto a micro SD card. Though Mallory shredded the paper copies of the eight documents, an SD card containing those documents and table of contents was later found carefully concealed in his house when it was searched on June 22, 2017, the date of his arrest. A recording was played at trial from June 24, 2017, where Mallory could be heard on a call from the jail calling his family to ask them to search for the SD card.

“This trial highlights a serious threat to U.S. national security,” said Nancy McNamara, Assistant Director in Charge of the FBI’s Washington Field Office. “Foreign intelligence agents are targeting former U.S. Government security clearance holders in order to recruit them and steal our secrets.”

Mallory has held numerous positions with various government agencies and several defense contractors, including working as a covert case officer for the CIA and an intelligence officer for the Defense Intelligence Agency. As required for his various government positions, Mallory obtained a Top Secret security clearance, which was active during various assignments during his career. Mallory’s security clearance was terminated in October 2012 when he left government service.

Mallory was convicted of conspiracy to deliver, attempted delivery, delivery of defense information to aid a foreign government, and making material false statements.

He faces a maximum penalty of life in prison when sentenced on September 21. Actual sentences for federal crimes are typically less than the maximum penalties. A federal district court judge will determine any sentence after taking into account the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines and other statutory factors.

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