The 2018 Global City Teams Challenge (GCTC) will focus on designed-in cybersecurity for “smart city” systems that are more secure, reliable, resilient and protective of privacy.
Launched in 2014, the GCTC helps communities partner with innovators who use networked technologies to solve problems, which range from mass transit improvement to energy management to disaster response.
Over 100 existing GCTC collaborations worldwide have allowed cities to use wireless sensors to test water mains for leaks, or to dim the streetlights when a sidewalk is empty of pedestrians. These innovations involve linking computer systems with physical devices, forming an Internet of Things (IoT), an approach that sits at the heart of the effort to create smart cities. Smart city initiatives represent a combined market potential of $1.5 trillion according to some estimates.
But as communities make use of these complex device networks, how can they secure themselves against the risk of cyberattack? Addressing this question is the goal of the new phase of the GCTC, dubbed the “Smart and Secure Cities and Communities Challenge” (SC3) by National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) Science and Technology Directorate (S&T), whose Cyber Security Division (CSD) is leading the agency’s GCTC participation.
“The GCTC has been extremely successful in creating partnerships between cities and companies,” said Chris Greer, director of NIST’s Smart Grid and Cyber-Physical Systems Program. “But we need cybersecurity and trustworthiness in the projects themselves. So, we’re taking on the new challenge of helping the teams converge on secure solutions.”
The partnership will take advantage of the strengths each agency brings to the table, said Douglas Maughan, director of the DHS S&T CSD.
“NIST has good ties to the smart city ecosystem, including local communities and technology companies,” he said. “S&T’s Cyber Security Division has excellent connections to the cybersecurity industry and its research community. SC3 is designed to connect these groups so our smart city solutions will be reliable and resilient, and will also protect our privacy.”
Participation in SC3 has been confirmed from companies including AT&T, Verizon and Motorola Solutions.
Like all partnerships formed via the GCTC, companies and cities will work together on a voluntary basis as volunteers, and there will be no formal requirements. However, the SC3 will encourage teams to treat cybersecurity as a first-order consideration in designing and implementing smart city applications.
“We also will be encouraging innovators from the cybersecurity industry and research communities — which have had limited connections to the smart city ecosystem in the past — to help teams understand how cybersecurity can be incorporated,” Maughan said. “Strategically, communities should take time to understand the possible threats and then adjust their particular systems iteratively to deal with them.”