Castalloy Inc., a Waukesha, WI, steel foundry is facing $83,160 in fines for 14 safety and health violations, said officials at the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).

OSHA said the company committed two repeat violations related to exposure to harmful chemicals. The violations were the result of an inspection last November.

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The inspection found two repeat violations for allowing workers to undergo exposure to coal tar pitch volatiles in excess of permissible exposure limits and failing to provide medical surveillance for workers exposed to formaldehyde.

“Castalloy has failed in its responsibility to monitor exposure to hazardous materials and to provide proper respiratory and personal protective equipment to its foundry workers,” said Chris Zortman, OSHA’s area director in Milwaukee. “Repeat violations demonstrate a lack of commitment to worker safety and health.”

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Nine serious violations include exposure to formaldehyde in excess of the 8-hour OSHA permissible exposure limit, lack of eye protection for formaldehyde exposure and failing to post restricted warning signs regarding the use of formaldehyde. Other violations involve OSHA’s respiratory protection standards, including inadequate respirators for protection from coal tar pitch volatiles, allowing a respirator to be worn with a beard, deficient medical evaluations and changing cartridges without leaving the respirator use area and infrequently changing cartridges. A serious violation occurs when there is substantial probability that death or serious physical harm could result from a hazard about which the employer knew or should have known.

Three other-than-serious violations involved personal protective equipment, machine safety and an electrical panel. An other-than-serious violation is one that has direct relationship on job safety and health, but probably would not cause death or serious physical harm.

The November inspection follows one in February 2011 where the company faced citations for exposing workers to coal tar pitch volatiles above the permissible exposure limit and to formaldehyde above the action level.

A repeat violation exists when an employer previously faced citations for the same or a similar violation of a standard, regulation, rule or order at any other facility in federal enforcement states within the last five years.

OSHA said the steel foundry has 130 workers. The agency also said six of the Castalloy’s previous 13 inspections resulted in citations.

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