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Using the national security argument, the Trump administration is preparing to keep coal and nuclear plants online.

The move could end up employed in a rarely-used federal powers function, arguing the facilities are critical to national security.

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President Donald Trump Friday ordered Energy Secretary Rick Perry to take steps to prevent any more plants from closing.

“Unfortunately, impending retirements of fuel-secure power facilities are leading to a rapid depletion of a critical part of our nation’s energy mix, and impacting the resilience of our power grid,” said White House spokesperson Sarah Sanders in a statement.

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If the administration follows a leaked draft proposal from the Energy Department, that would mean the administration will force electric grid operators to buy power from plants that have become uncompetitive and are at risk of closing. It was not immediately clear whether the White House would take that path.

The plan drew criticism from a broad spectrum of stakeholders, including the organizations that operate the nation’s grids and competitive power markets, energy industry groups and environmentalists.

The unprecedented move essentially amounts to a second attempt to bail out coal and nuclear power plants. Secretary of Energy Rick Perry proposed a rule last year that would require regional markets to compensate coal and nuclear plants for the reliability they provide to the grid. However, a bipartisan group of five regulators unanimously rejected that plan.

The White House memo, made public on Friday, shows the Trump administration is now turning to a familiar strategy: Pushing through a policy on the basis of national security. The White House has also invoked that argument to justify slapping tariffs on foreign steel and aluminum and proposing duties on imported automobiles, including against key allies Canada, Mexico and Europe.

“To promote the national defense and maximize domestic energy supplies, federal action is necessary to stop the further premature retirements of fuel-secure generation capacity,” the report said.

Coal and nuclear power plants are retiring ahead of schedule, primarily due to competition from natural gas-fired facilities and renewable solar and wind farms.

The plan is to tap Section 202 of the Federal Power Act, which gives the secretary of Energy the authority to keep plants running in times of war or emergency. The department will also cite the Defense Production Act, which gives the president wide-ranging power to “influence domestic industry in the interest of national defense,” according to the Congressional Research Service.

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