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A hacking tool that was able to give full remote control of a victim’s computer to cybercriminals has been taken down after an international law enforcement operation targeting the sellers and users of the Imminent Monitor Remote Access Trojan (IM-RAT).

The investigation, led by the Australian Federal Police (AFP), with international activity coordinated by Europol and Eurojust, resulted in an operation involving judicial and law enforcement agencies in Europe, Colombia and Australia.

Coordinated law enforcement activity has now ended the availability of this tool, which was used across 124 countries and sold to more than 14,500 buyers. IM-RAT can no longer be used by those who bought it.

Search warrants were executed in Australia and Belgium in June 2019 against the developer and one employee of IM-RAT. Subsequently, an international week of actions was carried out in November, resulting in the takedown of the Imminent Monitor infrastructure and the arrest of 13 of the most prolific users of this Remote Access Trojan (RAT). Over 430 devices were seized and forensic analysis of the large number of computers and IT equipment seized continues.

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Actions were undertaken last week in: Australia, Colombia, Czechia, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom.

This RAT, once installed and undetected, gave cybercriminals free rein to the victim’s machine. Hackers were able to disable anti-virus and anti-malware software, carry out commands such as recording keystrokes, steal data and passwords and watch the victims via their webcams. All that could be done without a victim’s knowledge.

This RAT was considered a dangerous threat due to its features, ease of use and low cost. Anyone wanting to spy on victims or steal personal data could do so for as little as $25.

Victims are believed to be in the tens of thousands, with investigators having already identified evidence of stolen personal details, passwords, private photographs, video footage and data.

“We now live in a world where, for just $25, a cybercriminal halfway across the world can, with just a click of the mouse, access your personal details or photographs of loved ones or even spy on you,” said Steven Wilson, head of Europol’s European Cybercrime Centre (EC3). “The global law enforcement cooperation we have seen in this case is integral to tackling criminal groups who develop such tools. It is also important to remember that some basic steps can prevent you falling victim to such spyware: We continue to urge the public to ensure their operating systems and security software are up to date.”

“The cybercriminals selling and using the IM-RAT affected the computers of tens of thousands of victims worldwide,” said Daniela Buruiana, national member for Romania at Eurojust and Chair of its Cybercrime Team. “Effective cooperation and coordination among all the relevant actors are vital in overcoming the obstacles to investigations due to the global scale and technical sophistication of this type of crime.”

The public and businesses can follow simple steps to help protect themselves from such malware, including:
• Update your software, including anti-virus software
• Install a good firewall
• Don’t open suspicious e-mail attachments or URLs – even if they come from people on your contact list
• Create strong passwords

See the infographic below for a breakdown on a RAT.

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